History and Citizenship Education (Cycle One)

Print section


Sedentarization is the transition from a nomadic society to a sedentary society. It involves the permanent settlement of a group of human beings in a territory, and is associated with agriculture and animal breeding. This process began in the Middle East during the Neolithic period, around 9000 B.C.E. It is studied here in terms of social, political, economic and territorial organization, which makes it possible to highlight the complex nature of societies.

The concepts prescribed by the program are not described using specific statements. It is by using all of the knowledge related to a social phenomenon that students develop their understanding of the following concepts: division of labour, trade, social hierarchy, power, production, property, society and territory.

Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.


Student reinvests knowledge.

1 2
  1. Organization of life in society today
    1. Indicates the type of relationships that exist among individuals in a society (e.g. family, professional, commercial)
    1. Explains a consequence of interdependence on society (e.g. since individuals depend on the work of others for survival, they establish networks to trade goods and services)
  1. Sedentarization and organization of life in society
  • 2.1.   Location in space and time
    1. Locates on a world map the Fertile Crescent and other areas of early sedentarization sites
    1. Locates on a time line the Neolithic period and facts related to it
  • 2.2.   Lifestyle and social relationships
    1. Lists traces of preliterate societies that are used to study these societies (e.g. rock paintings, megaliths, burial sites)
    1. Indicates subsistence activities of Neolithic societies (e.g. hunting, gathering, domestication of animals, agriculture)
    1. Names natural factors that promoted sedentarization in the period before the common era (e.g. warmer climate, improved productivity of wild grain crops)
    1. Lists characteristics of sedentary societies (e.g. formation of villages and construction of permanent dwellings; groups that could include several thousand individuals)
    1. Explains the impact of agriculture on Neolithic societies (e.g. agriculture provided more food than foraging activities and promoted demographic growth)
  • 2.3.   Economic activities associated with sedentarization
    1. Lists crafts that developed during the Neolithic period (e.g. pottery, metalwork)
    1. Indicates the purpose of ceramic pottery in the Neolithic period (e.g. storage, cooking)
    1. Indicates the factor that led to a division of labour in Neolithic societies: appearance of crop surpluses
    1. Explains the appearance of trade and commerce in Neolithic societies (e.g. artisans who were no longer involved in food production traded their products for food to ensure their survival)
  1. Relationships between individuals and society today
    1. Names the three major sectors of the economy associated with the division of labour: primary sector (extraction of resources, agriculture), secondary sector (manufacturing), tertiary sector (services)
    1. Indicates elements of change and continuity with respect to the sedentary way of life of Neolithic societies (e.g. agriculture still provided society with food; however, it no longer employed the majority of the population)

Haut de page