History and Citizenship Education (Cycle One)

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Appendix : Techniques used in History and Citizenship Education

In History and Citizenship Education, teachers present learning situations that allow students to use different techniques, some of which were introduced in elementary school. Teachers propose learning and evaluation situations that require students to interpret written documents and to use illustrated documents, tables or graphs (e.g. histograms, contingency tables, bar or circle graphs). The documents used should be varied and adapted to the students’ abilities.

  1. Interprets a time line
    1. Decodes the chronological scale
    1. Finds information
    1. Compares durations
    1. Establishes sequences and trends
    1. Identifies continuity and change
  1. Constructs a time line
    1. Defines the purpose
    1. Selects information
    1. Draws and orients an axis
    1. Determines what unit of measure to use
    1. Establishes the chronological scale
    1. Calculates the amount of time to represent
    1. Indicates the segments
    1. Indicates the information on the axis
    1. Provides a title that expresses the purpose
  1. Draws a map
    1. Defines the purpose
    1. Selects information
    1. Depending on the purpose, identifies the essential elements
    1. Draws the map
    1. Creates a legend
    1. Indicates the scale
    1. Represents the essential elements using signs and symbols
    1. Provides a title that expresses the purpose
  1. Interprets a map
    1. Reads the title
    1. Identifies the scale and orientation
    1. Identifies the area mapped
    1. Decodes the signs and symbols in the legend
    1. Identifies dynamic or static data
    1. Supports his/her interpretation using information from the map
  1. Interprets a written document
    1. Reads the title
    1. Identifies the name of the author and title
    1. Identifies the nature of the document (e.g. newspaper article, letter, treaty)
    1. Identifies the source and date or other time references
    1. Establishes whether the document dates from the period it describes or not
    1. Determines the main subject
    1. Notes the main ideas
    1. Organizes and synthesizes important ideas
    1. Relates and compares information from various documents
  1. Interprets an illustrated document (e.g. illustration, poster, fresco, painting )
    1. Reads the title
    1. Determines the nature of the document
    1. Identifies the source and date
    1. Determines the main subject
    1. Determines places, actors, circumstances
  1. Interprets a table and diagram
    1. Reads the title
    1. Decodes the legend
    1. Locates the scale
    1. Identifies the nature of the information
    1. Finds data
  1. Constructs a table and graph
    1. Determines the purpose
    1. Selects information
    1. Indicates and names each entry
    1. Establishes the scale
    1. Indicates the legend
    1. Indicates the data
    1. Provides a title that expresses the purpose

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