Geography (Cycle One)

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Regional territory

Tourist regions
Energy-producing regions
Industrial regions

A regional territory is organized around the exploitation of a resource. Four types of regional territories are studied: tourist regions, forest regions, energy-producing regions and industrial regions. Studying these regions makes it possible to understand how a territory is organized around economic activity.

B.  Forest regions

A forest region is organized around the exploitation and commercialization of a major natural resource: the forest. This organization must ensure responsible management of the resource in order to promote long-term development and reconcile forestry management and environmental protection. It should also take into account any other activities that depend on the forest, such as vacationing or recreational tourism.

The study of one of the three forest regions suggested in the program is compulsory. Teachers may choose from among the following: British Columbia, a forest region in Québec and Amazonia. Cycle teams may determine in what year the forest region will be studied.

The concepts prescribed by the program are not described using specific statements. It is by using all of the knowledge related to a territory that students develop their understanding of the following concepts: planning and development, commercialization, deforestation, exploitation of forests, globalization, multinationals, recreational tourism, resource and sylviculture.

  1. KNOWLEDGE RELATED TO FOREST REGIONS
Year

Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.

 

Student reinvests knowledge.

1 or 2
  1. Location of a forest region
    1. Locates the forest region studied in the appropriate continent and country
    1. Locates, on a map of Québec, the following forest regions: Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Côte-Nord, Outaouais, Saguenay − Lac-Saint-Jean
    1. Locates, on a map of the world, the main countries in which forests constitute an important resource (e.g. Brazil, Canada, China, India, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Russia, Sweden)
  1. Characteristics of a forest region
    1. Describes the types of forests exploited in the region studied (e.g. the boreal forest in Abitibi-Témiscamingue consists mainly of black spruce, jack pine and balsam fir; the tropical rainforest in the Amazon contains a wide variety of hardwoods, including precious woods)
    1. Explains the relationship between characteristics of the climate and the type of forest of the region studied (e.g. the growth of giant trees in British Columbia is mainly due to heavy annual precipitation)
    1. Indicates the role of the various stakeholders involved in managing the forest region studied (e.g. the governments who grant cutting rights to logging companies; environmentalists who try to ensure the sustainable development of forests in Abitibi-Témiscamingue)
    1. Lists methods used to exploit the forest region studied (e.g. selective cutting, thinning, clear-cutting in British Columbia)
    1. Lists wood processing industries associated with the forest region studied (e.g. paper industry, furniture industry, paperboard mills in British Columbia)
    1. Lists activities, other than forest practices, carried out in the forest region studied (e.g. vacationing and recreational tourism in Mauricie, mining in the Amazon)
  1. Planning and development of a forest region
    1. Indicates, for the forest region studied, the steps involved in commercializing the resource (e.g. in Mauricie, logging is carried out north of La Tuque, the logs then are transported by truck to the paper mills in Trois-Rivières; after which the manufactured products are shipped to customers by truck, train or ship)
    1. Indicates types of industries associated with the forest region studied (e.g. paper and saw mills in the Outaouais; saw mills in Manaus, in the Amazon)
    1. Indicates the transportation infrastructure used in the commercialization of forest products in the region studied (e.g. logging roads in Mauricie, Trans-Amazonian Highway, port facilities in British Columbia)
    1. Indicates the infrastructure in place in the forest region studied (e.g. logging roads to access logging sites in the Charlevoix region; construction of check stations, lodging facilities and docks in an outfitting operation in the Mauricie)
  1. Issue affecting a forest region or regions
    1. Lists threats to forests in various regions of the world (e.g. tree diseases, pests, forest fires)
    1. Indicates practices that contribute to the depletion of forest resources in the region studied (e.g. excessive logging in Abitibi-Témiscamingue; development of agricultural land to the detriment of forests in the Amazon)
    1. Explains consequences of excessive logging for the environment (e.g. once trees are cut down, surface runoff increases, leading to soil erosion and soil nutrient depletion)
    1. Indicates practices that help renew forest resources (e.g. reforestation using fast-growing tree species; thinning; selective cutting)
    1. Indicates means used to reconcile the interests of different stakeholders in the forest region studied (e.g. private forest landowners in British Columbia grant access rights to recreational tourist organizations; the Brazilian government sets aside reserves in the Amazon forest for the exclusive use of the Native population)

Tourist regions
Energy-producing regions
Industrial regions

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