Geography (Cycle One)

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Regional territory

Forest regions
Energy-producing regions
Industrial regions

A regional territory is organized around the exploitation of a resource. Four types of regional territories are studied: tourist regions, forest regions, energy-producing regions and industrial regions. Studying these regions makes it possible to understand how a territory is organized around economic activity.

A.   Tourist regions

A tourist region is organized around a major attraction. It is important to observe how tourist activities are established in a region and how they can affect the particular characteristics of the region and to consider the impact of mass tourism on different regions in the world. The study of a tourist region can also shed light on the values, attitudes and behaviours of tourists.

Two of the six tourist regions suggested in the program must be studied: the first, a tourist region in Québec or Canada, is compulsory. Teachers may choose the second from among the following: Savoie, the African Great Lakes, the Lagoon of Venice, Tahiti and Île-de-France . Cycle teams may determine in which year each tourist region will be studied; it is recommended, however, that the content be spread out over the two years of the cycle.

The concepts prescribed by the program are not described using specific statements. It is by using all of the knowledge related to a territory that students develop their understanding of the following concepts: acculturation, planning and development, commercialization, tourist flow, tourist destination, globalization, multinational, resource and tourism.


Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.


Student reinvests knowledge.

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  1. Location of a tourist region
    1. Locates the tourist region studied in the appropriate continent and country
    1. Locates tourist regions on a map of the world (e.g. Mediterranean coast in Spain, Phuket region in Thailand, the coasts of Florida and the Islands of Hawaii in the United States, the Atlantic coast of Senegal, the Tokyo region in Japan)
    1. Indicates, on a map of the world, the major tourist flow patterns: between Western Europe and the United States, Western Europe and South-East Asia, and the United States and the Caribbean
  1. Characteristics of a tourist region
    1. Lists natural tourist attractions of the region studied (e.g. the Canadian Shield landscape in the Charlevoix region along the St. Lawrence River; the lagoons of the volcanic islands of Tahiti; the fauna of the African Great Lakes region)
    1. Names tourist attractions that reflect the history of the region studied (e.g. the Lido of Venice; the Palace of Versailles in the Île-de-France)
    1. Explains the relationship between the types of tourism in the region studied and the region’s attractions (e.g. the exotic fauna of the African Great Lakes has given rise to photo safaris, a type of adventure tourism)
    1. Establishes the size of the tourist flow in relation to the population of the region studied (e.g. in 2009, the Îles-de-la-Madeleine has four times more tourists than inhabitants; the Lagoon of Venice has seven times more tourists than inhabitants)
  1. Planning and development of a tourist region
    1. Indicates the infrastructure in place in the tourist region studied (e.g. campgrounds in the Gaspésie; parking lots on the outskirts of the Lagoon of Venice; national parks in the African Great Lakes region; Disneyland Paris in Île-de-France)
    1. Names means used to transport tourists in the tourist region studied (e.g. gondolas or vaporetti in the canals of Venice; photo-safari vans in the African Great Lakes region; sightseeing buses in Île-de-France)
    1. Indicates infrastructure that may contribute to the deterioration of natural sites in the tourist region studied (e.g. construction of visitor accommodations along the beaches of the African Great Lakes region; funiculars that provide access to ski resorts in Savoie)
  1. Issue affecting a tourist region or regions
    1. Indicates behaviours that can contribute to the degradation of a tourist region (e.g. writing graffiti on monuments; using motor vehicles outside authorized trails; dumping oily wastes along a coastline)
    1. Explains changes brought about by tourism in the region studied (e.g. job creation and infrastructure improvement to meet tourist demand in the Gaspésie; changes in the lifestyle of the Masai in the African Great Lakes region stemming from contact with visitors that may result in a type of acculturation)
    1. Explains some reactions to tourism development of residents in the region studied (e.g. residents of Lac du Bourget in Savoie oppose boating activities in order to slow down the degradation of the natural environment; Tahitians oppose new developments on coral atolls to preserve these fragile environments)
    1. Indicates measures taken to protect a tourist region (e.g. restricting the number of visitors on the dunes in the Îles-de-la-Madeleine; constructing an underground funicular in Savoie)

Forest regions
Energy-producing regions
Industrial regions

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