Geography (Cycle One)

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Agricultural territory

Agricultural territory in a national space

Agricultural territory is associated with a vital need ─ food. It is often threatened by urban expansion and can also be a source of environmental problems because of certain practices. Two types of agricultural territory are studied: agricultural territory in a national space and agricultural territory subject to natural hazards.

B.  Agricultural territory subject to natural hazards

Some of the world’s agricultural territories develop on land that is subject to natural hazards. These territories are fragile and their development should take into account the particular conditions they face. Water management is a key issue and some farming practices may increase the risk of disaster and have a detrimental effect on the territory.

The study of one of the three agricultural territories suggested in the program is compulsory. Teachers may choose from among the following: Bangladesh, the Sahel and the Canadian prairies. Cycle teams may determine in which year the agricultural territory subject to natural hazards will be studied .

The concepts prescribed by the program are not described using specific statements. It is by using all of the knowledge related to a territory that students develop their understanding of the following concepts: natural disaster, degradation, environment, environment at risk, marketing, farming practices, productivity, artificial risk, natural hazard and rurality.

  1. KNOWLEDGE RELATED TO AGRICULTURAL TERRITORY SUBJECT TO NATURAL HAZARDS
Year

Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.

 

Student reinvests knowledge.

1 ou 2
  1. Location of an agricultural territory subject to natural hazards
    1. Locates the agricultural territory studied in the appropriate continent and country
    1. Locates, on a map of the world, agricultural territories subject to natural hazards (e.g. Northeast India; the Sahel; the Canadian prairies; areas around the Mediterranean; Bangladesh; the Mekong Basin)
  1. Characteristics of an agricultural territory subject to natural hazards
    1. Explains the relationship between the latitudinal position of the agricultural territory studied and elements of its climate (e.g. the Sahel’s aridity is due to its location in sub-Saharan Africa; the heavy rains in Bangladesh are due to its location in the tropics)
    1. Lists the natural phenomenon or phenomena to which the agricultural territory studied is subject (e.g. floods, cyclones and tsunamis in Bangladesh; desertification in the Sahel; drought in the Canadian prairies)
    1. Explains consequences of certain natural phenomena for the agricultural territory studied (e.g. in Bangladesh, floods during monsoon season erode farm land and destroy crops)
    1. Indicates farming or breeding practices in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. intensive rice cultivation with several harvests per year in Bangladesh; movement of livestock in search of grazing land and water in the northern part of the Sahel)
    1. Indicates how a natural hazard can turn into a natural disaster in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. in Bangladesh, farmers looking for fertile land settle in the Ganges delta despite risks from floods and cyclones that regularly cause heavy material and human losses)
  1. Planning and development of an agricultural territory subject to natural hazards
    1. In Indicates types of farming installations in the territory studied (e.g. in Bangladesh, stilt houses surrounded by dikes minimize flood damage; in the Canadian prairies, wells and reservoirs for livestock are installed in case of droughts)
    1. Indicates the role of transportation networks in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. in the Canadian prairies, trucks transport products to trains, which are used to ship exports)
    1. Explains how certain practices can increase natural hazards in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. in Bangladesh, cutting mangrove trees to create shrimp basins increases the risk of flooding; in the Sahel, frequent seasonal movements of livestock to grazing lands intensify the desertification of the territory)
    1. Indicates methods used to protect the agricultural territory studied from a natural hazard (e.g. in Bangladesh, dikes and dams help control flood levels; in the Canadian prairies, planting trees, irrigation and new technologies help mitigate the effects of drought)
  1. Issues affecting an agricultural territory or territories subject to natural hazards
    1. Explains how human actions can intensify a natural risk in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. deforestation accelerates erosion during floods; monoculture, i.e. the repeated planting of one crop in the same area, destabilizes soils)
    1. Explains the relationship between human actions and the creation of an artificial risk in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. in the Canadian prairies, pesticides and fertilizers can pollute waterways; in the Sahel, digging wells for herds combined with overgrazing can deplete groundwater resources; in Bangladesh, cutting mangroves has destabilized the shorelines of the territory, making river banks more vulnerable to cyclones)
    1. Lists problems associated with water management in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. erosion caused by poor irrigation techniques in the Canadian prairies; falling water tables caused by excessive water use in the Sahel)
    1. Indicates measures taken to reduce problems associated with water management in the agricultural territory studied (e.g. in Bangladesh, dikes are built to prevent floods)
    1. Names environmental problems associated with farming practices in territories subject to natural hazards (e.g. fertilizers and pesticides can pollute waterways; monoculture can deplete the soil of nutrients and contribute to its degradation)
    1. Indicates solutions adopted to reduce environmental problems associated with farming practices (e.g. regulations to protect agricultural territories; decreased use of pesticides and fertilizers)

Agricultural territory in a national space

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