Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.
Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.
Student reinvests knowledge. 
Secondary 
AST 
AST
–
SE 
ST 
ST
–
EST 
PHY 
3 
4 
3 
4 
5 
Secondary Cycle One
 Light
 Defines light as a form of radiant energy
 Energy transformations
 Associates energy with radiation, heat or motion
 Defines energy transformations
 Identifies energy transformations in a technical object or technological system

Secondary Cycle Two
Only those concepts specific to the Physics program are identified by a number.
Light blue shading indicates that the student acquired this knowledge in Secondary III or IV. 
 Forms of energy

 Describes different forms of energy (chemical, thermal, mechanical, radiation)






 Defines joule as the unit of measurement for energy






 Law of conservation of energy

 Explains qualitatively the law of conservation of energy
 




 Applies the law of conservation of energy in different contexts
 




 Energy efficiency

 Defines the energy efficiency of a device or system as the proportion of energy consumed that is transformed into effective work (amount of useful energy / amount of energy consumed x 100)
 




 Relationship between work, force and distance travelled
 




 Describes qualitatively the relationship between the work done, the force applied on a body and the distance travelled by the body
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between work, effective force and distance travelled (W = FΔd)
 




 Relationship between potential energy, mass, acceleration and distance travelled

 Describes qualitatively the relationship between the potential energy of a body, its mass, its gravitational acceleration and the distance it travels
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between potential energy, mass, gravitational acceleration and the distance travelled (E_{p} = mgh)
 




 Relationship between kinetic energy, mass and speed

 Describes qualitatively the relationship between the kinetic energy of a body, its mass and its speed
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between kinetic energy, mass and speed (E_{k} = ½mv^{2})
 




 Relationship between work and energy

 Describes qualitatively the relationship between the work done on a body and the variation in energy within that body
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between work and energy (W = ΔE)
 




 Mechanical energy

 Explains qualitatively a transformation of mechanical energy in a given situation (e.g. a merrygoround in motion)






 Applies the mathematical relationships associated with kinetic energy, types of potential energy (gravitational, elastic), work and heat






 Analyzes quantitatively a transformation of mechanical energy in a given situation






 Hooke’s Law

 Explains qualitatively the relationship between the energy of a helical spring, its force constant and the change in its length compared to its length at rest, in a given situation (e.g. the springs in a mattress)






 Applies the mathematical relationship between elastic potential energy, the force constant and the change in length in a given situation (E = ½kl^{2})






 Relationship between power and electrical energy

 Describes qualitatively the relationship between the power of an electrical appliance, the electrical energy it consumes and the amount of time it is in operation
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between electrical energy consumed, the power of an electrical appliance and the amount of time it is in operation (E = PΔt)
 




 Relationship among power, work and time

 Explains qualitatively the relationship between the power of a system, the work done and the time taken to do the work






 Applies the mathematical relationship between power, work and time (P = W/Δt)





