Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.
Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.
Student reinvests knowledge. 
Secondary 
AST 
AST
–
SE 
ST 
ST
–
EST 
PHY 
3 
4 
3 
4 
5 
Secondary Cycle One
 Mass
 Defines the concept of mass
 Effects of a force
 Explains the effects of a force in a technical object (change in the motion of an object, distortion of a material)
 Simples machines
 Identifies wheels, inclined planes and levers in simple technical objects (e.g. a wheelbarrow is made up of a secondclass lever and a wheel)
 Describes qualitatively the mechanical advantages of different types of levers (firstclass, secondclass, thirdclass) in different applications

Secondary Cycle Two
Only those concepts specific to the Physics program are identified by a number.
Light blue shading indicates that the student acquired this knowledge in Secondary III or IV. 
 Relationship between work, force and distance travelled

 Describes qualitatively the relationship between the work done, the force applied on a body and the distance travelled by the body
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between work, effective force and distance travelled (W = FΔd)
 




 Relationship between mass and weight

 Describes qualitatively the relationship between mass and weight
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between mass and weight (F_{g} = mg)
 




 Effective force

 Defines effective force as the component of the applied force parallel to the direction of travel
 




 Determines graphically the magnitude of the effective force in a given situation
 




 Gravitational acceleration

 Compares the average values of gravitational acceleration on Earth and on the Moon (9,8 m/s^{2} on Earth, 1,6 m/s^{2} on the Moon)
 




 Gravitational force

 Associates the free fall of a body with the effect of gravitational force
 




 Associates the gravitational force of a body with its weight
 




 Determines the component of gravitational force parallel to the displacement of a body (e.g. inclined plane)
 




 Newton’s Laws

 Describes qualitatively the law of inertia (Newton’s First Law)
 




 Describes qualitatively the relationship between the force acting on a body, its mass and its acceleration (Newton’s Second Law)
 




 Applies the mathematical relationship between the force acting on a body, mass and acceleration (F = ma)
 




 Describes qualitatively the law of actionreaction (Newton’s Third Law)
 




 Explains a phenomenon or how a technical object works, using Newton’s Laws
 




 Pressure

 Defines pressure as the force exerted by particles when they collide with a constricting surface






 Adhesion and friction of parts

 Describes the advantages and disadvantages of the adhesion and friction of parts in a technical object
 




 Force of friction

 Explains the possible effects of a frictional force (slows down, stops or impedes the motion of a body)
 




 Names the factors that can affect the force of friction in a given situation
(e.g. nature of the surfaces that are in contact, shape of a body that is moving in a fluid)
 




 Determines the value of the force of friction in a given situation^{2}
(force of friction = applied force  net force)  




 Constraints

 Describes the constraints to which different technical objects are subject: tension, compression, torsion (e.g. the top of a beam is subject to compression)






 Describes the constraints to which different technical objects are subject: tension, compression, torsion, deflection, shearing (e.g. a diving board is subject to deflection)
 




 Centripetal force

 Explains qualitatively the effect of centripetal force on a body in motion
 




 Freebody diagram

 Uses vectors to represent the forces that act on a body
 




 Equilibrium and resultant of several forces

 Determines the magnitude and direction of the vector associated with the resultant force of a system of forces
 




 Determines the magnitude and direction of the vector associated with the balancing force of a system of forces
 



