Physics - Secondary V Optional Program

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Kinematics

Studying kinematics gives students the opportunity to acquire scientific and technical knowledge of phenomena and applications1 that involve bodies in motion.

Over the course of their secondary school education, students have explored increasingly complex phenomena, problems and applications. They have acquired knowledge related to The Material World, The Living World, The Earth and Space and the Technological World. By using the experimental method, modelling and carrying out analysis, they are able to describe, understand and explain the laws and models governing kinematics. Students learn to apply this new knowledge in a variety of contexts to explain phenomena or make predictions. In this way, they acquire a better understanding of the motion of bodies in the world around us and of the related applications.

Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.

 

Student reinvests knowledge.

Secondary
AST AST

SE
ST ST

EST
PHY
3 4 3 4 5
Secondary Cycle One
    1. Types of motion
        • Identifies parts that move in a specific way in a technical object (rectilinear translation, rotation, helical)
    1. Effects of a force
        • Explains the effects of a force in a technical object (change in the motion of an object, distortion of a material)
Secondary Cycle Two
Only those concepts specific to the Physics program are identified by a number.
Light blue shading indicates that the student acquired this knowledge in Secondary III or IV.
    1. Relationship between constant speed, distance and time
        • Describes qualitatively the relationship between speed, distance and time
       
        • Applies the mathematical relationship between constant speed, distance and time
          (v = d/Δt)
       
  1. Reference systems
      1. Chooses a reference system suited to the situation
       
  1. Uniform rectilinear motion
    1. Relationship among position with respect to the point of origin, velocity and time
      1. Provides a qualitative explanation and uses a graph to illustrate the relationship between the position of an object with respect to its point of origin (displacement), its velocity and the time during which it is in motion
       
      1. Applies the mathematical relationship between position with respect to the point of origin (displacement), velocity and time (Δd = vΔt) in a given situation
       
    1. Displacement and distance travelled
      1. Distinguishes displacement from distance travelled
       
    1. Speed changes
        • Uses systems that allow for speed changes in the design of technical objects
     
  1. Uniformly accelerated rectilinear motion
    1. Relationship among acceleration, change in velocity and time
      1. Provides a qualitative explanation and uses a graph to illustrate the relationship between the acceleration of a body, the change in its velocity and the time during which this change occurs
       
      1. Applies the mathematical relationship between acceleration, change in velocity and time (a = Δv/Δt) in a given situation
       
    1. Relationship among acceleration, distance and time
      1. Provides a qualitative explanation and uses a graph to illustrate the relationship between the acceleration of a body, the distance it travelled and the time interval
       
      1. Applies the mathematical relationship between acceleration, the distance travelled and the time (Δd = viΔt + ½aΔt2) in a given situation
       
    1. Average velocity and instantaneous velocity
      1. Determines the average velocity of an object
       
      1. Determines the instantaneous velocity of an object
       
      1. Explains the distinction between average velocity and instantaneous velocity
       
    1. Free fall
      1. Provides a qualitative explanation and uses a graph to illustrate the motion of a free-falling body (position, displacement, average velocity, instantaneous velocity, acceleration)
       
      1. Determines the position, displacement, average velocity, instantaneous velocity or acceleration of a free-falling body
       
    1. Motion of a body on an inclined plane
      1. Provides a qualitative explanation and uses a graph to illustrate the motion of a body on an inclined plane (position, displacement, average velocity, instantaneous velocity, acceleration)
       
      1. Determines the position, displacement, average velocity, instantaneous velocity or acceleration of a body on an inclined plane
       
  1. Motion of projectiles
    1. Explains the motion of a projectile (combination of uniform rectilinear motion and uniformly accelerated rectilinear motion)
       
    1. Determines the position, displacement or instantaneous velocity of a projectile, or the time elapsed
       
1.  “Application” is understood to mean a technical object, a system, a product or a process.

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