English as a Second Language, Core Programs

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Texts

In the Secondary Cycle One and Cycle Two ESL programs, the Texts section consists of text types, text components and text features. The term ‘text’ refers to any form of communication–spoken, written and visual–involving the English language. Students listen to, read and view a variety of authentic texts (i.e. texts that reflect natural speech or writing as used by native speakers of English). Students also write and produce texts for different audiences and purposes. Through a variety of formats (e.g. print, audiovisual, digital), students explore the three following text types: popular (e.g. comic strips, teen magazines), literary (e.g. biographies, plays) and information-based (e.g. dictionaries, news broadcasts).

At the elementary level, students explored popular, literary and information-based texts and constructed meaning of texts using text components. At the secondary level, students broaden their knowledge of texts that correspond to their age, interests, and English language development and that deal with topics that are increasingly complex and abstract. Secondary Cycle One students construct meaning of texts through their text components (e.g. titles, illustrations, setting, graphs). Secondary Cycle Two students continue to investigate texts through their internal features (i.e. topic/information, language, text components) and external features (i.e. audience, purpose, culture).

Working with texts contributes directly to the development of the competencies Reinvests understanding of texts and Writes and produces texts and supports the development of the competency Interacts orally in English.

Texts
Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.
Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.
 
Student reinvests knowledge.

E: The letter E shows links between the elementary- and secondary-level ESL programs.

Elementary

Secondary
Cycle
One
Cycle
Two
  1. Text Types
  1 2 3 4 5
    1. Explores a variety of authentic popular, literary and information-based texts
E
  1. Text Components
  1 2 3 4 5
    1. Uses text components to construct meaning when listening to, reading and viewing texts
E      
    1. Applies knowledge of text components to write and produce texts
E      
  1. Text Features     
  1 2 3 4 5
    1. Uses text features to construct meaning when listening to, reading and viewing texts
       
    1. Applies knowledge of text features to write and produce texts
       

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