Physical Education and Health

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Competency 2 – Interacts with others in different physical activity settings

Knowledge (Concepts to be learned)


Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.


Student reinvests knowledge.

E: The letter E indicates that some of the concepts related to this topic were covered in elementary school.


  1. Principles of communication
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Communicates clear messages appropriate to the activity
    (e.g. calling for a pass in soccer, clapping hands, presenting a target as a way of calling for the object)
  1. Recognizes messages
    (e.g. in basketball, seeing an unguarded player asking for the ball)
  1. Communicates various misleading messages appropriate to the activity
    (e.g. carrying out a body feint, faking a pass to the right and then passing to the left)
  1. Principles of synchronization
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Synchronizes actions
    1. Throws an object by taking into account the speed and direction of his/her partners or opponents
      (e.g. in football, passing the ball to a teammate in motion)
    1. Receives an object from his/her partners or opponents by taking into account its speed and direction
      (e.g. catching a popfly in baseball, receiving a serve in volleyball)
  1. Adapts his/her actions to those of one or more partners according to different synchronization modes
    (e.g. in unison [rowing at the same time as one’s partner], in succession [doing the wave])
  1. Roles1
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Chooses a supporting role and plays it when preparing a plan and during the activity
    (e.g. team leader, referee, scorer)
  1. Plays his/her role in the game or activity in accordance with the established strategy or plan of action
    (e.g. forward, noncarrier, goal keeper)
  1. Locomotor skills
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Uses several of the mouvement skills learned in individual physical activities
    (e.g. running back to the defensive zone)
  1. Nonlocomotor skills
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Uses several of the movement skills learned in individual physical activities
    (e.g. pivoting so that the body will face the centre of the playing field)
  1. Manipulation skills
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Uses several of the movement skills learned in individual physical activities
    (e.g. serving in badminton, throwing a ball at the basket)
  1. Action rules in cooperative activities
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Positions him/herself or moves away in relation to teammate(s)
    (e.g. building pyramids, negotiating obstacles along a path in cooperation with a partner)
  1. Varies force, speed and direction of movements or movement skills in relation to those of teammate(s)
    (e.g. adjusting one’s speed when receiving the baton during a relay race, paddling at different speeds depending on a partner's speed)
  1. Action rules in combat activities2
    (e.g. wrestling, judo, self-defense, back-to-back wrestling)
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Applies various offensive action rules in a combat activity, such as throwing the opponent off balance, attacking an opponent who is off balance, moving in relation to the available space and to the opponent, varying force, speed and direction, and feinting
    (e.g. in back-to-back wrestling, pushing or pulling the opponent to get him/her off the mat)
  1. Applies various defensive action rules in a combat activity, such as maintaining his/her balance, reacting to the opponent’s actions, moving in relation to the available space and to the opponent
    (e.g. in wrestling, widening one’s stance and dodging by moving one’s trunk to the left)
  1. Action rules in duelling activities
    (e.g. badminton, tennis, fencing, 1 against 1 in basketball)
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Uses the width and length of the playing surface
    (e.g. using different shots to force the opponent to move)
  1. Quickly recovers the object in order to continue the rally
    (e.g. in tennis, moving quickly toward the spot where the ball will fall in order to hit it back over the net)
  1. Uses the appropriate space to better attack the opponent or his/her territory
    (e.g. in tennis, returning to the strategic centre of the court)
  1. Attacks at opportune moments
    (e.g. in badminton, executing a smash when the opponent is off-balance)
  1. Feints in order to mislead the opponent
    (e.g. in badminton, simulating a smash and then performing a drop shot)
  1. Catches the opponent wrong-footed by attacking him/her in the direction opposite to which he/she is moving
    (e.g. in badminton, performing a second drop shot right after the first)
  1. Action rules in cooperative activities in separate spaces
    (e.g. volleyball, sepak takraw)3
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Action rules related to protecting his/her territory4
    1. Recovers the object by positioning him/herself or by moving toward the point where the object will fall
      (e.g. receiving a serve in volleyball, retrieving a lost ball)
    1. Protects his/her territory by positioning him/herself in relation to the opponent, partners and the object
      (e.g. in volleyball, playing a supporting role, adopting a defensive “ W ” formation when receiving a serve)
  1. Action rules related to attacking the opposing team’s territory5
    1. Attacks the other team’s target
      (e.g. serving in volleyball)
    1. Keeps the object moving in his/her territory
      (e.g. receiving the ball high in the air to keep it on one’s side of the net)
    1. Moves the object toward the opponent’s territory
      (e.g. returning the ball to the passer)
    1. Uses the full width and depth of the playing field by varying the direction and speed of the object and using different types of throws
      (e.g. aiming for the lines or the backcourt)
    1. Attacks spaces left open by the opponent
      (e.g. directing a smash toward an open space)
    1. Counterattacks the opposing team (replying)
      (e.g. in volleyball, performing a block with a partner)
  1. Action rules in group activities in a common space
    (e.g. hot potato, basketball, soccer, ultimate Frisbee)6
  1 2 3 4 5
  1. Action rules related to the object
    1. Moves the object toward the opponent’s target
      (e.g. passing to the player in the best position relative to the target, moving with the object toward the target)
    1. Keeps the object in play,7 moving from the offensive zone toward the defensive zone, while varying his/her direction and speed
      (e.g. quickly passing to an unguarded player who is in the best position, moving with the object toward an open space)
    1. Attacks the opponent’s target by throwing or striking the object
      1. in relation to teammates or opponents
      1. at an opportune time
      1. upon reception
    1. Recovers the object
      (e.g. recovering a loose object, recovering the ball on the rebound)
    1. Counterattacks
      (e.g. recovering the object and heading toward the target, quickly resuming the attack following a defensive action)
    1. Interferes with the object’s progress
      (e.g. standing in the object’s path to intercept it, blocking a throw)
  1. Action rules related to a partner or an opponent
    1. Moves away from the carrier, at a distance that will help advance or move the object
      (e.g. avoiding clusters)
    1. Guards an opponent
      1. Guards the carrier to prevent him/her from attacking the target, passing the object to a teammate or moving forward
        (e.g. pressuring the carrier)
      1. Guards the noncarrier
        • by preventing him/her from receiving the object
        • by positioning him/herself between the noncarrier and the target to impede the offensive team’s progress
        • by staying close to the noncarrier while protecting the passing lane and the target
          (e.g. “challenging” in basketball)
    1. Gets free from the opponent by moving away
      1. with a change of speed
        (e.g. running faster to elude the opponent)
      1. with a change of direction
        (e.g. following a pattern in football)
      1. with a feint
        (e.g. faking a catch)
  1. Action rules relating to the territory
    1. Gets back on defence
      (e.g. getting back quickly to defend his/her territory)
    1. Uses the space available
      (e.g. moving into the available space to receive a pass)
    1. Protects own team’s target or goal
      (e.g. blocking a shot on goal, closely guarding the carrier to impede an attack on the goal)
    1. Moves efficiently in relation to the target or goal to be protected, teammates, opponents and the object

Knowledge (Concepts to be learned)

1.  These elements are mentioned only in the Cycle One program, but students can use them in Cycle Two when developing their plan of action. Introduced as knowledge in elementary school, they are reintroduced as skills in secondary school.
2.  Several action rules have been grouped together here since they are generally used simultaneously by students. The teacher’s expertise, the types of facilities available and the rules established by the school, as well as the time devoted to the Physical Education and Health program will determine the extent to which these action rules are integrated in secondary school.
3.  In activities such as tennis or badminton doubles, certain action rules do not apply (for example, in tennis the object cannot be exchanged within one’s territory).
4.  In most activities involving guarding his/her territory, the student must frequently change the direction or speed of his/her movements.
5.  In most activities that involve attacking the other team’s territory, the student must change the direction or speed with which he/she throws or shoots an object as often as possible.
6.  In certain activities, such as kin-ball or tchoukball, only certain action rules may apply.
7.  The expression “keeping the object in play” means “keeping the object in motion in order to create an opening or to force the opponent to move.”

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