Physical Education and Health

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Competency 1 – Performs movement skills in different physical activity settings


Knowledge (Concepts to be learned)

Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.


Student reinvests knowledge.

E: The letter E indicates that some of the concepts related to this topic were covered in elementary school.


  1. Musculoskeletal system
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  1. Names the joints, bones and main muscles involved in the execution of a given movement skill
    (e.g. The shoulder, elbow, wrist and triceps are involved in throwing an object.)
  1. Explains the main role of the ligaments
    (e.g. The ligaments are like elastics that keep the joints stable.)
  1. Explains the role of stabilizing and agonist muscles (flexor, extensor, rotator, abductor, adductor)
    (e.g. The dorsal and abdominal muscles play a role in posture and they contract simultaneously. When the forearm is flexed, the agonist biceps contract to produce movement.)
  1. Kinesthetic feedback1
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  1. Describes the position of his/her segments or the adjustments needed to perform a given movement skill (in a stable position or in motion)
    (e.g. For wall push-ups, hands are placed shoulder width apart and the back is kept straight; for the back crawl, the head should remain close to the surface of the water so that a hydrodynamic position can be maintained.)
  1. Describes the adjustments to be made to the speed of movement or travel according to the constraints of the activity
    (e.g. In cross-country skiing, balance is maintained while going downhill by braking to adjust one’s speed; in cycling, balance is maintained by pedalling fast enough.)
  1. Describes the appropriate position of his/her body or body parts in relation to an object, an implement or a space (territory)
    (e.g. The height of the lead leg should be adjusted with respect to the hurdle.)
  1. Development of the body2
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  1. Identifies a few motor changes that occur during development and that affect how certain physical activities are carried out
    (e.g. decreased coordination, decreased flexibility)
  1. Identifies a few morphological changes that occur during growth and that affect coordination and relative strength
    (e.g. A growth spurt and longer segments can temporarily affect coordination.)
  1. Names the possible impact of menstruation on physical activities
    (e.g. temporary anemia, abdominal cramps that make it difficult to walk for long periods)
  1. Technical aspects of movement related to activities3
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  1. Names the technical aspects of movement related to the execution of various movement skills, depending on the physical activity performed


1.  Kinesthetic feedback is essentially used to perform and adjust one’s movements, regardless of the activity involved. It makes use of sensorimotor memory, which is improved through practice.
2.  Knowledge of physical development can also be useful in relation to the competency Adopts a healthy, active lifestyle.
3.  The technical aspects specific to each activity (e.g. cyclical activities, technical/artistic activities) are studied later on, when each action is taught in more detail in secondary school (e.g. running, jumping).

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