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Science and Technology

Living Things

Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.


Student reinvests knowledge.

The statements in bold refer to the knowledge that should be emphasized.
  1. Matter
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  1. Characteristics of living things
    1. Explains the basic needs of the metabolism of living things (e.g. nutrition, respiration)
    1. Describes activities connected to the metabolism of living things (transformation of energy, growth, maintenance of systems and body temperature)
    1. Distinguishes among the different types of embryonic development (viviparous for the majority of mammals, oviparous or ovoviviparous for the rest)
    1. Describes the types of sexual reproduction in animals (roles of the male and the female)
    1. Describes the types of sexual reproduction in plants (pistil, stamen, pollen, seed and fruit)
    1. Describes types of asexual reproduction in plants (e.g. budding, propagation by cuttings, formation of rootstocks and tubers)
  1. Organization of living things
    1. Describes the functions of certain parts of the anatomy (e.g. limbs, head, heart, stomach)
    1. Describes the characteristics of different kingdoms (microorganisms, fungi, plants, animals)
    1. Classifies life forms according to their kingdom
    1. Lists animals according to their classification (mammals, reptiles, birds, fish, amphibians)
    1. Describes the anatomy of plants (roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds)
    1. Associates the parts of a plant with their general functions (roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds)
    1. Associates the parts and systems of the anatomy of animals with their general functions
    1. Explains the sensorial functions of certain parts of the anatomy (skin, eyes, mouth, ears, nose)
    1. Describes the anatomy and the function of the main organs of the female and male reproductive systems
  1. Transformations of living things
    1. Names the basic needs for plant growth (water, air, light, mineral salts)
    1. Describes the growth stages of a flowering plant
    1. Describes the growth stages of various animals
    1. Describes the changes in appearance of animals that undergo a metamorphosis (e.g. butterfly, frog)
    1. Explains the stages of growth and development in humans
    1. Describes the physical changes that take place during puberty
    1. Describes the main stages of the evolution of life forms
  1. Energy
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Sources of energy for living things
    1. Compares the nutrition of domestic animals with that of wild animals
    1. Explains the nutritional needs common to all animals (water, sugars, lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals)
    1. Associates familiar animals with their diet (carnivorous, herbivorous, omnivorous)
    1. Describes how photosynthesis works
    1. Distinguishes between photosynthesis and respiration
    1. Explains how water, light, mineral salts and carbon dioxide are essential to plants
    1. Describes agricultural and food technologies (e.g. crossbreeding of plants and their propagation by cuttings, selection and breeding of animals, food production, pasteurization)
  1. Transformation of energy in living things
    1. Illustrates a simple food chain (3 or 4 links)
    1. Describes an ecological pyramid of a given environment
  1. Forces and motion
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. How animals move
    1. Describes the different ways animals move (walking, creeping, flying, jumping)
    1. Names other ways animals move and why (e.g. defence, mating ritual)
  1. Motion in plants
    1. Distinguishes among the three types of motion in plants (geotropism, hydrotropism, phototropism)
    1. Explains how the types of motion in plants enable them to meet their basic needs
  1. Systems and interaction
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Interaction between living organisms and their environment
    1. Describes the physical characteristics that demonstrate how animals adapt to their environment
    1. Describes the behaviours of familiar animals that enable them to adapt to their environment
    1. Identifies habitats and the animal and plant populations found in them
    1. Describes how animals meet their basic needs within their habitat
    1. Describes relationships between living things (parasitism, predation)
    1. Explains how animals and plants adapt to increase their chances of survival
      (e.g. mimicry, camouflage)
  1. Use of living things for consumption
    1. Provides examples of how living things are used (e.g. meat, vegetable, wood, leather)
  1. Interaction between humans and their environment
    1. Describes the impact of human activity on the environment (e.g. use of resources, pollution, waste management, land use, urbanization, agriculture)
  1. Food production techniques
    1. Describes the main steps in the production of various basic foods (e.g. making butter, bread, yogurt)
  1. Environmental technologies
    1. Explains the scientific and technological concepts associated with recycling and composting (e.g. properties of matter, phase changes, physical changes, chemical changes, food chain, energy)
  1. Techniques and instrumentation
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Use of simple observational instruments
    1. Appropriately uses simple observational instruments (e.g. magnifying glass, binoculars)
  1. Use of simple measuring instruments
    1. Appropriately uses simple measuring instruments (e.g. rulers, dropper, graduated cylinder, balance, thermometer)
  1. Design and manufacture of environments
    1. Designs and manufactures environments1 (e.g. aquarium, terrarium, incubator, greenhouse)
  1. Appropriate language
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Terminology related to an understanding of living things
    1. Appropriately uses terminology related to an understanding of living things
    1. Distinguishes between the meaning of a term used in a scientific or technological context and its meaning in everyday language (e.g. habitat, metamorphosis)
  1. Conventions and types of representations specific to the concepts studied
    1. Communicates using appropriate types of representations that reflect the rules and conventions of science and technology (e.g. symbols, graphs, tables, drawings, sketches)
1.  Refer to the statements under Design and manufacture of instruments, tools, machines, structures, devices, models and simple electric circuits in the Material World section.

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