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Science and Technology

Introduction

This document is complementary to the Science and Technology program. It aims to provide information on the knowledge and skills students must acquire for each year of elementary school. It is intended to help teachers with their lesson planning. The document includes tables outlining the knowledge related to the categories Material World, Earth and Space and Living Things, as well as Exploration Strategies, Strategies for Recording, Using and Interpreting Information and Communication Strategies. The nature and scope of this knowledge is further clarified by a list of statements indicating the degree of complexity of the subject matter at the elementary school level.

Given the vast range of knowledge in question, it is recommended that the focus be on the statements that appear in bold. For the most part, these statements were selected because they are interrelated and provide a well-balanced knowledge base within each category. This knowledge will enable students to construct their representation of the world and develop their scientific and technological literacy.

As early as kindergarten, children begin showing an interest in science and technology1 by expressing curiosity about the world around them. During the first cycle of elementary school, students explore scientific and technological activity through the other subjects and the broad areas of learning. The knowledge to be acquired is often based on their immediate environment and involves simple and usually observable phenomena. In this way, the students begin developing their scientific and technological literacy and continue to do so throughout their studies. During the second and third cycles, teachers present concrete and meaningful activities that encourage children to be inquisitive and raise questions. The problems addressed in discussing these questions often guide the teacher in choosing the knowledge that will be covered in class.

By appropriately using the knowledge listed in this document, the students will develop the competencies outlined in the Science and Technology program. In order to propose explanations for or solutions to scientific or technological problems, students must become familiar with strategies and acquire conceptual and technical knowledge that will enable them to understand and explore the problem and then justify their choices. In addition, in order to make the most of scientific and technological tools, objects and procedures, they must apply the knowledge needed to use tools, design various objects and evaluate their use and impact. Finally, in order to communicate in the languages used in science and technology, they must have the knowledge that will enable them to interpret and convey messages by proficiently using the languages and types of representations associated with this subject.

1.  In this document, the term technology encompasses a wide variety of achievements, which include techniques, processes, tools, machines and materials.