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Geography, History and Citizenship Education

Introduction

This document is complementary to the Geography, History and Citizenship Education program. It aims to provide information about the knowledge students must acquire in geography, history and citizenship education in order to develop the competencies. It is intended to help teachers plan their teaching. It contains tables of the knowledge specific to the societies and territories studied. The knowledge is divided into three sections corresponding to the program’s three competencies. Each section is preceded by a short text presenting the learning students must acquire. The document also contains a table of the knowledge related to researching and working with information in geography and history and a table of the knowledge related to techniques specific to these subjects.

In Cycle One, students develop only one competency: To construct his/her representation of space, time and society. To ensure continuity with Cycle Two, the knowledge students must acquire is presented at the beginning of each section. In Cycle One, students look at their own environment, here and now. The targeted knowledge is therefore based on their observation of the everyday objects, people and landscapes around them. They then compare their environment with a former environment (past) and a less familiar environment (elsewhere). Their understanding of the world, which they began constructing in preschool, thus continues with the development of the concepts of space, time and society.

In Cycles Two and Three, students study societies between 1500 and 1980. They acquire knowledge, related, for example, to demographics, economics, political organization and the assets and limitations of the territory. By relating these elements of knowledge, students develop the competency To understand the organization of a society in its territory. A research method and techniques specific to geography and history support the acquisition of knowledge.

The knowledge acquired about each society helps students develop a representation of its economy, culture and politics, which they then use to study the changes in a society. Thus, students learn To interpret change in a society and its territory. The new elements of knowledge are therefore based on their previous learning.

Lastly, students apply and enhance their knowledge by comparing certain aspects of the societies studied with those of another society during the same period. Based on a core of knowledge, students develop the competency To be open to the diversity of societies and their territories.

The Geography, History and Citizenship Education program aims to help young people become responsible and informed citizens. The knowledge acquired serves as a basis for a humanistic culture that will be developed throughout students’ schooling.