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Dance

Knowledge

In their planning, teachers should include a variety of simple tasks (diverse exploration and experimentation activities) to help students acquire and apply the knowledge in this table.

Student constructs knowledge with teacher guidance.

Student applies knowledge by the end of the school year.

 

Student reinvests knowledge.

The statements in bold type indicate knowledge that should be given priority if the program is not taught in all cycles.
Elementary
Cycle One Cycle Two Cycle Three
  1. Language of dance
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Body1
  • 1.1.   Locomotory and nonlocomotory movements
    1. Names the locomotory and nonlocomotory movements
       
    1. Distinguishes between locomotory and nonlocomotory movements
       
    1. Describes the different locomotory and nonlocomotory movements
       
  • 1.2.   Partial-body movements
    1. Names some everyday gestures (e.g. brushing his/her teeth)
       
    1. Identifies some symbolic gestures (e.g. blowing  a kiss)
       
    1. Distinguishes between everyday and symbolic gestures
       
    1. Names the different shapes
       
    1. Identifies the different shapes
       
    1. Distinguishes among the different shapes
       
  1. Time
  • 2.1.   Metrical division
    1. Identifies beat and stops
       
    1. Identifies a medium tempo
       
    1. Distinguishes a medium tempo from slow and fast tempi
       
    1. Identifies a binary structure
       
    1. Identifies a ternary structure
       
    1. Distinguishes between a binary structure and a ternary structure
       
    1. Identifies a simple rhythmic motif
       
    1. Distinguishes between simple rhythmic motifs and other motifs
       
  1. Space
  • 3.1.   Personal space
    1. Distinguishes between high level and low level
       
    1. Distinguishes a medium level from high and low levels
       
    1. Identifies large and small spans in movements
       
    1. Distinguishes between small spans and large spans in movements
       
    1. Distinguishes between circular and curved trajectories
       
  • 3.2.   General space
    1. Identifies forward and backward movements
       
    1. Identifies movements to the right and to the left
       
    1. Identifies straight and circular trajectories
       
    1. Identifies curved trajectories
       
  1. Energy
  • 4.1.   Movement performed
    1. Identifies sudden effort
       
    1. Identifies sustained effort, little effort and much effort
       
    1. Identifies an acceleration in the movement
       
  1. Relation with partner
  • 5.1.   Position
    1. Names face-to-face and near/far relations
       
    1. Identifies face-to-face and one-behind-the-other relations
       
    1. Identifies above/below and side-by-side relations
       
  • 5.2.   Spatial actions
    1. Distinguishes between coming together and staying together
       
    1. Distinguishes the moving apart from the other spatial actions, such as coming together and staying together
       
    1. Distinguishes meeting from the other spatial actions, such as coming together, moving apart and staying together
       
  • 5.3.   Coordination
    1. Identifies a unison movement
       
    1. Identifies an alternating movement
       
    1. Distinguishes between a unison movement and an alternating movement
       
  • 5.4.   Groups
    1. Identifies a circle formation
       
    1. Identifies a circle formation and a queue formation
       
    1. Identifies a circle formation, a queue formation and a line formation
       
  • 5.5.   Role-playing
    1. Identifies the following roles: following a partner/partners and doing the same
       
    1. Identifies the following roles: following a partner/partners, doing the same and doing the opposite
       
    1. Distinguishes among the following roles: leading a partner/partners, doing the opposite and action/reaction
       
  1. Movement technique
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Abdominal breathing
    1. Names the principle of abdominal breathing in a relaxed position on the floor
       
    1. Names the principle of abdominal breathing in sitting and then in standing positions
       
    1. Differentiates between the principle of abdominal breathing in a relaxed position on the floor and the principle of abdominal breathing in sitting and then in standing positions
       
  1. Body alignment
    1. Names a principle of the extension of the spinal column
       
    1. Names a principle of knee/foot alignment
       
    1. Names a principle of the curling and uncurling of the spinal column
       
  1. Lateral awareness
    1. Identifies the independent use of both sides of the body
       
    1. Identifies the independent use of the right and left sides of the body
       
    1. Identifies the alternating use of the right and left sides of the body
       
  1. Muscle tone
    1. Identifies muscle release
       
    1. Identifies muscle contraction
       
  1. Mobility and functions of parts of the body
    1. Distinguishes between flexion and extension of the body
       
    1. Identifies the part of the body that begins a movement
       
    1. Identifies the part of the body that leads off a movement
       
  1. Weight transfer
    1. Identifies points of support in a balance
       
    1. Names the characteristics of stable balance and the transfer of the centre of gravity from top to bottom
       
    1. Distinguishes between the transfer of the centre of gravity from side to side and the transfer of the centre of gravity from top to bottom
       
  1. Focus
    1. Names the characteristics of directed gaze while immobile
       
    1. Names the characteristics of directed gaze while moving on the spot
       
    1. Distinguishes between the characteristics of directed gaze while immobile and those of directed gaze while moving on the spot
       
  1. Rules for group movements
1 2 3 4 5 6
    1. Names possible responses to sound or visual cues
       
    1. Names some rules for group movements, such as respecting the personal space of others and adjusting to the movements of a partner
       
    1. Names the rules for group movements
       
  1. Composition procedures
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Repetition
    1. Identifies the repetition of a movement and of a sequence of movements
       
    1. Identifies the repetition of several movements and of at least two linked sequences of movements
       
  1. Variation
    1. Identifies the variation of a movement in a sequence of movements
       
    1. Identifies the variation of a sequence of movements in several sequences of movements
       
    1. Identifies the variation of two sequences of movements in a dance
       
  1. Contrast
    1. Identifies contrast using one element of dance language and the expressive quality of a movement
       
    1. Identifies contrast using two elements of dance language and their expressive meanings
       
  1. Structures
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Position
    1. Identifies one start position and one final position
       
  1. Sequence
    1. Identifies some actions or movement sequences
       
    1. Identifies transitions between sequences of movements
       
    1. Distinguishes between sequences of movements and the transitions between them
       
  1. Form
    1. Identifies personal form and round dance
       
    1. Identifies personal form and A-B form as well as the farandole
       
    1. Distinguishes among the different forms represented in a choreographic structure, such as personal form, rondo and farandole
       
  1. Dance appreciation repertoire
1 2 3 4 5 6
  1. Types of excerpts2
           
1.  The complete list of locomotory and nonlocomotory movements can be found in the Essential Knowledges table in the Dance program.
2.  Since these elements are evident in action, they are included in the Applications of Knowledge section.

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